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    高职院校对医学生人文素养培养的思考

    出处:论文网
    时间:2019-09-12

    高职院校对医学生人文素养培养的思考

      1  对医学类高职院校医学生开展人文素养教育的原因

      1.1 原因之一:行业的特殊性

      医疗行业从古到今都是一个特殊的行业,因为其始终与人们的生活和健康密切相关。与其他行业相比,人文精神和人文素养的培养对医疗行业及其从业人员更为重要,必不可少。一名合格的临床医生除了必须具备高超的医疗技术,还必须始终怀着一颗济世救人的仁爱之心,济世救人的仁爱之心并非与生俱来,只有通过对医学生不断的灌输与培养,才能使得医生自身包涵极高的人文素养。由此可见,在当今社会,培养医学生的人文素养尤为重要。新的时代对新的医疗形势提出了新的医疗要求,尤其在医疗服务方面更是有待加强。因为病人始终需要人文关怀,然而缺乏人文情怀的医疗服务机构最终一定会被社会所抛弃的。

      1.2 原因之二:医疗实践中的必要性

      (1)临床实践中,存在部分医务人员对医疗服务的质量漠不关心,对病人也极度缺乏应有的同情心。如今,医疗机构的频发医疗纠纷已经成了社会的关注点。诸如,“南京儿童医院事件”的发生,说明了仍然存在部分的醫务人员对病人毫无基本的人文关怀、职业道德以及责任感可言。这一事件不仅反映了一些医疗机构的管理问题,也反映了一些医务人员缺乏专业素质和爱心。

      (2)一些医务人员没有把握好生活与健康和经济效益的关系,把获得经济效益作为自己的工作目标。临床实践中,仍然存在部分的医务工作者没有正确认识医患关系,丑恶地扭曲了正常的医患关系,一心只把病人当成发家致富的摇钱树。作为一名医务工作者,他不仅要消除或减轻病人的身体痛苦,还要尽可能减轻病人的经济压力。然而,一些医疗机构和医务工作者忽视相关的职业道德和患者,故意将轻微疾病描述为严重疾病,从而给患者造成巨大心理压力,承受更大的经济负担,甚至导致一些患者因为看不起疾病而放弃治疗。“两毛钱处方”好医生的事例在社会上争相传诵,这只能说明当下能切实为病人谋求实利的好医生实在太少了。所以,如果要从铲除上述现象,那么就必须大力加强医学人文素质的相关教育

      2  医学类高职院校人文素养教育存在的问题

      2.1 重技能,轻人文

      在实际教育过程中,医学高职院校往往投入大量资金进行实验室建设,引进医学技能型教师以及购买大量设施设备,来提高学生的医学技能。然而,对学生人文素养教育的投入很少或根本没有。

      2.2 人文科目设置欠科学

      在人文学科课程安排方面,大部分的医学高职院校都普遍存在以下的问题:首先,人文课程体系设置随意,毫无逻辑可言,也相当不科学,缺乏综合型、系统性、整体性的考虑与规划。其次,思想政治课所占比重较大,随意开设人文学科增加了学生的学业负担,学生人文学科的学习质量较差。再次,对医学学科与人文学科课程的融合教学重视力度不够。如果能充分融合医学学科与人文学科,创建综合、系统的医学人文交叉学科,那么这不仅仅符合了医学发展的专业性要求,更是在专业之余于无形中培养了医学生的人文素养,其隐藏意义可见一斑。最后,目前医学高职院校的人文素养培养课程大多缺乏实践性与趣味性,教学形式单一枯燥,无法充分勾起学生的兴趣,所以就更难以达到应有的教学效果。

      2.3 校园的人文内涵建设严重不足

      目前随着高校的不断扩招,各大高职院校的办学规模也越来越大。一些学校也尤为注重硬件设施的建设,然而与硬件设施建设对比,高校人文素养的建设力度就显得相对不足。第一,大量建设资金被投入到校园环境建设,尽管校园的自然环境美观,花草树木尽有,然而相应配额的文化景观的投资却相对较少,极度缺乏文化景观的相关建设。第二,高职院校并没有充分组织可以促进校园文化建设的相关人文活动。

      3  医学类高职院校医学生人文素养教育的途径

      3.1 改变人文科目设置体系

      医学高职院校开设人文学科随意性极高,若想在人文素养建设方面有所建树,那么就必须充分采取措施改变这一弊端。最重要的就是,医学高职院校必须专门建立相应的人文素养教学机构,其作为人文素养教学研讨与工作的专门地点。另外,也应该充分考虑到学校的综合性以及学科力量分布,设置或强化部分与医学密切相关的边缘人文学科。但是也应该注意到,人文素养课程的设置必须适当,以免出现过度扩张的情况。开设课程应注重学生职业道德和价值观的培养,突出人文课程的实用性。教学方法也应当做出必要的转变,引导医学生关注医学领域的相关热点问题,并不断地加强分析训练。在人文课程与专业课程结合的教学实践中,也应该充分考虑到不同学科间的联系,尽可能实现各学科资源配置的协调,从而充分形成课程之间的合力发展协作,最终达到提高医学生的人文素养的目的。

      3.2 加强校园网络人文素养元素的建设

      医学类高职院校必须充分加强校园内的人文素养相关要素的建设,校园内必须配置对医学生的人文素养教育培养有利的功能设施。例如,与强有力的人文教师相匹配,丰富校园人文内涵建设,从医学生学习和生活的各个方面进行人文素养教育。学校相关职能部门应指派专人负责校园网人文素养宣传活动,搭建人文教育培训专栏,放置当前与医疗、医德问题、医学哲学相关知识、医学名人纪录片等相关的热点社会问题。进而增强人文建设活动对医学生的吸引力,如此才能在学生时代就提升医学生自身的人文素养。网络方面的人文素养教育具有极大的优势,其直接、生动、灵活,形式便捷。比如,网络人文素养课程可以不定期邀请相关人文教育方面的专家远程讲授医学相关的人文课程,也可以集体组织医学生听课。

      4  结语

      新的时代对新的医疗形势提出了新的医疗要求,尤其在医疗服务方面更是有待加强。因此,对于医学类相关院校,尤其是医学类高职院校,必须充分加强医学生的人文素养教育与培训。为了充分提高医学生的人文素养水平,将来为社会贡献合格的医务工作者,医学类高职院校必须适时地转变医学教育观念,进而积极探索符合新时代医疗服务要求的人文教育培养模式,最终有效地提高学校的人文素养相关培养与教育。

    高职院校对医学生人文素养培养的思考

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